Doprava do Hongkongu
Getting to Hong Kong is easy: there are direct flights to Hong Kong from more than 150 other cities around the world, and hundreds more within one interchange.
Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG) is a leading air passenger gateway and logistics hub in Asia. Located on the island of Chek Lap Kok, 34 km/21 miles from downtown, HKG airport has scheduled non-stop flights to more than 150 cities. Regarded as a focus city or major transfer hub by major airlines, 85 airlines operate from the two-terminal airport; it is the primary hub of Cathay Pacific, Dragonair, Air Hong Kong, Hong Kong Airlines, and Hong Kong Express. Since 2001, the airport has been named the World’s Best Airport eight times in the annual passenger survey by Skytrax. 'Local' carriers, Cathay Pacific and Dragonair, were also rated by Skytrax the Best Airline of Year 2003, 2005 and 2009 and the Best Airline of Greater China region respectively. The airport itself operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Hong Kong International Airport is connected to the city by the MTR Airport Express train service; it reaches both Kowloon Peninsula and Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong Station is the terminus of the route and also of a number of local bus services. Both Hong Kong Station and Kowloon Station provide several feeder bus services between the station and various hotels of the city exclusively for Airport Express passengers. There is also an extensive Airport bus network served by both Citybus and Long Win Bus. These lines have A- or E-prefixes in front of their bus routes, and the bus network covers most urban areas including Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and most towns in the New Territories.
Air-travel costs (estimated)
Hong Kong is one of the dominant regional hubs in the Asia-Pacific with numerous carriers providing scheduled flight services to and from the city. The following table shows a selection of destinations and carriers with their associated fares. The fare is referenced with a departure date in 7 August 2013 from the origin airport, with a return trip leaving Hong Kong on the 12 August 2013.
Flight taxes and fees are included, however, additional airline fees for baggage or fuel may apply.
Latest update on 23FEB2012.
Inter-city train services crossing the Hong Kong-China boundary are known as Intercity Through Trains. Currently, Hung Hom Station (Kowloon/Jiulong) is the only station in Hong Kong where passengers can catch these trains. Passengers have to go through immigration and custom inspections before boarding. There are currently three through train routes:
|Fare & Travel time of Intercity Through Trains
From Hung Hom Station
|Beijing West (Peking)||$934||$120.24||94.41||76.09||24hrs||once two days, soft sleeper price|
|Shanghai||$825||$106.22||83.40||67.21||20.6hrs||once two days, soft sleeper price|
|Guangzhou East (Canton)||$190||$24.46||19.21||15.48||2hrs||13 trains a day|
|Dongguan (Changping)||$145||$18.67||14.66||11.81||1.2hrs||11 trains a day|
|Foshan||$210||$27.04||21.23||17.11||3hrs||once a day|
|Zhaoqing||$235||$30.26||23.76||19.14||4hrs||once a day|
Additionally Lo Wu Station is interchangeable with the Shenzhen Station of CRH intercity train network of the Mainland China across the border, which runs a more frequent services between Shenzhen and Guangzhou, as well as some other cities in China.
However, one needs to take the East Rail Line, one of the metro lines inside the Hong Kong's Metro network (MTR), in order to get to HK downtown from the boundary control point in Lo Wu. A journey from the border to Hung Hom Station takes approximately 40 minutes, and costs $35 HKD ($4.50 USD/ €3.54 / £2.92, from stations in Kowloon, 2nd class).
|Fare & Travel time of Trains from/to Shenzhen Station
as of 20 May 2012, for reference only
|Guangzhou East (Canton)||80||98.22||12.65||9.89||7.99||1.3 hrs||price for 2nd class |
88 Trains a day according to schedule
some trains may be cancelled
|Beijing West (Peking)||720||884.01||113.82||89.04||71.95||23.8 - 29hrs||twice a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Jiujiang, Jiangxi||446||547.59||70.50||55.16||44.57||14.5 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Xi'an||671||823.85||106.07||82.98||67.05||30 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Yueyang, Hunan||486||596.71||76.83||60.10||48.57||11.8 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Changsha, Hunan||446||547.59||70.50||55.16||44.57||10.7 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Changde, Hunan||563||691.25||89.00||69.63||56.26||14 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Hengyang, Hunan||385||472.70||60.86||47.61||38.47||8.3 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Shanghai South||640||785.79||101.17||79.15||63.96||19.3 hrs||Twice a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Wuchang (Wuhan)||506||621.26||79.99||62.58||50.56||12.7 hrs||Twice a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Shengyang North||890||1,092.73||140.69||110.07||88.94||35.8 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Shaoguan East||129||158.38||20.39||15.95||12.89||4 hrs||once a day|
|Jinggangshan||357||438.32||56.43||44.15||35.68||10.8 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Meizhou||108||132.60||17.07||13.36||10.79||4.8 hrs||once a day|
|Huaihua, Hunan||560||687.56||88.52||69.26||55.96||15.3 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Guilin||444||545.14||70.19||54.91||44.37||13.3 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Fuzhou||444||545.14||70.19||54.91||44.37||18.2 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Nanjing (Nanking)||640||785.79||101.17||79.15||63.96||24.5 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
|Zhengzhou||693||850.86||109.55||85.70||69.25||25.2 hrs||once a day, Soft Sleeper|
Two main ferry terminals serve the Hong Kong-China boundary crossing ferries services:
- Macau Ferry Terminal – Sheung Wan, Hong Kong
- China Ferry Terminal – Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon
and these two ferry terminals are accessible with MTR and local buses services.
Notwithstanding their names, both terminals provide extensive networks of ferry services to Macau and various cities in Guangdong Province. However services from China Ferry Terminal are more frequent and the network towards China is more extensive than its counterpart, while only Macau Ferry Terminal provides a 24 hours ferry service to Macau. Some ferry routes, from/to either Macau or Shenzhen, terminate at Hong Kong International Airport. These are only available at the Skypier, accessible from the departure hall of the airport (as for flight transfers).
Cruise ships also serve Hong Kong. The cruise terminal of Hong Kong – Ocean Terminal – is located at Tsim Sha Tsui on the Kowloon Peninsula.
Hong Kong has convenient cross-border bus services to many cities in Guangdong province including Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan. Tickets are purchasable either in mainland China or Hong Kong, services and operators vary depending on the exact location and destination of travel. Road connections across boundary check-points are possible and vehicles with specialised licenses are allowed across the border. Several check-points connect with the expressway network of Hong Kong including Lok Ma Chau-Huanggang and Shenzhen Bay Port. Additionally most cross-border buses use these two particular ports on their journey.